Alexandria’s Shatby Necropolis now accessible to the public
Following the completion of a thorough three-year preservation project, the Hellenistic-era Shatby Necropolis in Alexandria is now open to the public, both physically and digitally.
The official opening of the Shatby Necropolis took place at the beginning of May, 2023. As part of the opening events, the international conference “Alexandria and Hellenism in Northern Egypt”, organized on the 130th anniversary of the Archaeological Society of Alexandria. Researchers from the APAC Labs of STARC, The Cyprus Institute, presented the work of the Andreas Pittas Art Characterization Laboratories (APAC Labs) of the Science and Technology in Archaeology and Culture Research Center (STARC) on the digital documentation and 3D modeling of the necropolis.
The APAC Labs team undertook the digital documentation of the site utilizing advances in 2D and 3D imaging technologies as well as selected spectral and technical photography applications. The detailed 3D model provides the necessary documentation of the site’s current condition and state of preservation. Such detailed documentation is necessary to establish a detailed record of the monument, which offers much-improved documentation from the 1900s—which was rather incomplete due to time limitations. The site’s digital documentation allows also the identification of all alternations (natural and man-made) that have occurred at the site since its discovery, at least as captured by the 1900s plans.
In other words, this is the first-ever complete scientific documentation of the site, providing an invaluable record that allows us to identify and document all the threats the site has to confront in the present and in the near future.
The conference and the opening of the site mark the successful completion at the Shatby site of the Alexandrian Necropolis Project (2020-2023), a multidimensional archaeological project carried out by the Archaeological Society of Alexandria, with the participation of the Cyprus Institute in the field of digital documentation, and of the University of Athens in the field of research. The project was generously supported by the A. G. Leventis Foundation.
The cemetery was located in the first decade of the 20th century, during the systematic excavations of Evaristo Breccia, director of the Greco-Roman Museum of Alexandria, but the excavation was not completed. After decades of abandonment, the Archaeological Society of Alexandria expedition resumed the excavation of Breccia as part of the Alexandria Necropolis Project. The excavations provided a complete picture of Hypogeum A, identifying among other things its ancient southern facade, anthropological material (skeletons) and objects in good condition. Among the abundant movable finds of the excavation are sculptures, coins, glass objects and ceramics, especially Hadra-type hydria, characteristic of the Alexandrian necropolis. After three years of systematic work (excavation, restoration, digital documentation, upgrading of the surroundings) the Hellenistic necropolis of Shatby is now a modern archaeological park, unique of its kind in Egypt.